Family: Elephantidae (mammoths and modern elephants)

Genus: Mammuthus.

Aucilla River mammoth on display at the Florida Museum of Natural History in Gainesville, FL.

Mammoth lower tooth. (Mammothus imperator)

Baby mammoth tooth. 1 inch.

Tusk cross section. If the cross-hatch patterns (called "Schreger-Patterns") run at angles close to 125 degrees, the tusk belonged to a mastodon. Mammoth patterns cross at about 90 degrees.

Mammoth vertebra.

Mammoth skull fragment. The hollow chambers -- or air pockets -- help hold up the animal's massive skull.

Back to Prehistoric Portraits index